When a couple or an individual is unable to have a child on their own, they often turn to a surrogate to carry a child till birth. Intended parents may seek a surrogacy arrangement when either pregnancy is medically impossible, pregnancy risks are to the mother are too high or a single man or a same sex couple’s want a family and are unable to do so via traditional methods.
Many countries either prohibit surrogate births or have such strict regulations that provide the catalyst for intended parents to seek surrogate birth overseas in countries with more moderate guidelines. Conservative estimates suggest that internationally there are between 20,000-25,000 surrogate births each year with the majority of the surrogates being located in Israel, India, Ukraine, Russian Federation and the United States.
The United States is a popular surrogate birth destination due to higher success rates, better quality of care, advanced medical technology and as well as significant legal protections afforded through most US state courts. Specifically, single fathers and same sex couples who experience restrictions against surrogate birth in their home countries find acceptance with the surrogate process in the USA.